Mixed Reality 3D Teleconsultation for Emergency Decompressive Craniotomy: An Evaluation with Medical Residents
Kevin Yu, Daniel Roth, Robin Strak, Frieder Pankratz, Julia Reichling, Clemens Kraetsch, Simon Weidert, Marc Lazarovici, Nassir Navab, Ulrich Eck
Enabling collaborative telepresence in healthcare, especially surgical procedures, presents a critical challenge. The decompressive craniotomy procedure stands out as particularly complex and timesensitive. The current teleconsultation approach relies on 2D color cameras, often offering only a fixed view and limited visual capabilities between experts and surgeons. However, teleconsultation can be addressed with Mixed Reality and immersive technology to potentially enable a better consultation of the procedure. We conducted an extensive user study focusing on decompressive craniotomy to investigate the advantages and challenges of our 3D teleconsultation system compared to a 2D video-based consultation system. Our 3D teleconsultation system leverages real-time 3D reconstruction of the patient and environment to empower experts to provide guidance and create virtual 3D annotations. The study utilized 3D-printed head models to perform a lifelike surgical intervention. It involved 14 medical residents and demonstrated an in-vitro 17% improvement in accurately describing the incision size on the patient’s head, contributing to potentially improved patient outcomes.